What is a Jury? (continued)
Types of Juries (continued):
If the jurors are not convinced
"beyond a reasonable doubt" that a defendant
A “hung jury” is one in which the required number of jurors cannot agree on
a verdict. A new trial--with new jurors--is held in such cases.
* Source = Wikipedia, 2004
The names of possible jurors are
selected by the court from such sources as tax rolls, voting lists, and
telephone directories. From the selected names, people are then chosen
by lot and summoned for possible service on a jury.
· Grand juries consist of from 16 to 23 members in most states. There are two kinds of grand juries in the United States, charging and investigatory. A charging grand jury decides whether there is enough evidence to try a person suspected of a crime. If the jury finds sufficient evidence, it makes a formal accusation, called an indictment, against the person. The suspect is then tried by a petit jury. An investigatory grand jury investigates (1) suspected dishonesty of public officials and (2) possible crime, especially organized crime.
· Coroner's juries. A coroner's jury conducts an inquest (study) into the cause of death in cases that involve doubt. Most coroner's juries consist of six members. As an institution, the coroner's jury is being displaced by the office of the medical examiner.
Click here to find out about efforts to reform jury service:
Sources: World Book Encyclopedia 2002; Encyclopedia Britannica Intermediate
"Magna Carta and Its American Legacy" by the National Archives and Records Administration